The chemical synthesis to produce bioactive peptides of the 4th cell generation of Biocell Ultravital are obtained using combined methods of enzymatic hydrolysis through proteolytic enzymes and by fermentation using starter cultures. This combination of both methods gives origin to peptides with a safer biological activity due to the fact that in one all the contaminating traces are eliminated and the other facilitates the absorption through the intestinal tract. An additional advantage of enzymatic hydrolysis is the reduction of allergens. The procedure to obtain, isolate and identify biopeptides with specific biological activity, is obtained with the solution of the gland or organ to extract biopeptides, to which papain, pepsin, trypsin are added, the application of different enzymes pursue the formation of a mixture with different ranges of biological activity and incubated for a certain time to obtain the desired degree of hydrolysis.
After this, the hydrolyzate is fractionated by exclusion chromatography and semi-preparative liquid chromatography in reverse phase, selecting the fraction with the highest activity as a result of the first invitro tests, and finally the sequence of the peptides responsible for generating the activity is identified. The desired therapy is obtained by applying mass spectrometry and / or N-terminal sequencing. However, hydrolysates are complex mixtures and can contain up to hundreds of different molecules, therefore, locating bioactive peptides in these procedures is a biochemical work of constant expertise that results in a difficult task and requires a lot of time and dedication. The fractions usually still contain multiple compounds that require additional cycles of fractionation, concentration and evaluation of bioactivity to be able to identify the molecule responsible for the activity in the formulas of each product according to the therapeutic indication.
Consequently, the enzymatic hydrolysis used offers undoubted advantages, such as the absence of substrate degradation processes since the enzymes are selective for a type of bond, pH values between 5 to 10 and the temperatures between 40 to 60ºC, thus maintaining or improving the nutritional value of the protein. The specificity of the enzyme affects the size, quantity, and composition of free peptides and amino acids, as well as their amino acid sequence.