The aging and deterioration of the body occurs at the cellular level, mainly due to the repeated action of Free Radicals (FR) and highly reactive molecules, mainly oxygen and hydrogen peroxide, which lack an electron. They try to recover this electron form any tissue in which they are found, thus creating a cascade of Free Radicals that over time, despite the defenses and repair capacity of cells, damages crucial proteins and enzymes, affecting cell function.
Most Free Radicals are produced metabolically in the mitochondria of the cell, during the synthesis of adenosine triphosphate (ATP), the fuel necessary for most cellular processes, without which life would not exist.
The immediate damage of the (FR) is to the membranes and DNA of the mitochondria, resulting in a lower production of cellular energy. The damage then occurs in the structures inside the cells responsible for the production of proteins, enzymes and lipids crucial for the functioning of the cell and the organism.
Over time, the accumulated damage exceeds the cell’s ability to repair, making it progressively inefficient. This is reflected in the accumulation of waste biological material within the cell, which further reduces its capacities, causing a decrease in the production of hormones and enzymes, deterioration of tissues and organs, a decrease in the effectiveness of the immune system, and a decrease in metabolism resulting in a clear trend of accelerated aging.
Free radical damage can be even greater, as it can affect the DNA or genetic code stored in the nucleus of cells, opening the door to mutations leading to cancer and other catastrophic diseases.